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Journal Articles Microorganisms Year : 2022

Top‐Down Controls of Bacterial Metabolism: A Case Study from a Temperate Freshwater Lake Ecosystem

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Abstract

In freshwater environments, limited data exist on the impact of mortality forces (viruses and heterotrophic nanoflagellates) on bacterial growth efficiency (BGE, index of bacterial carbon metabolism) compared to resource availability. An investigation to determine the relative influence of viral lysis and flagellate predation (top‐down forces) on BGE was conducted in a mesotrophic freshwater system (Lake Goule, France) with time and space. Viral abundance was significantly (p < 0.001) related to bacterial abundance by a power law function with an exponent less than 1, emphasizing that the increases in host population (bacteria) together with viruses were not proportionate. A lytic viral strategy was evident throughout the study period, with high lysis of the bacterial population (up to 60%) supported by viral production rates. Viral processes (lysis and production) that were influenced by bacterial production and heterotrophic nanoflagellate abundance had a positive impact on BGE. Estimates of BGE were variable (9.9–45.5%) due to uncoupling between two metabolic parameters—namely bacterial production and respiration. The existence of a synergistic relationship between viruses and flagellates with bacteria in Lake Goule highlighted the decisive impact of top‐down agents in sustaining the bacterial carbon metabolism of non‐infected population through the nature of vital resources released via mortality processes.
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Dates and versions

hal-03865107 , version 1 (23-11-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Angia Sriram Pradeep Ram, Marie-Eve Mauduit, Jonathan Colombet, Fanny Perriere, Antoine Thouvenot, et al.. Top‐Down Controls of Bacterial Metabolism: A Case Study from a Temperate Freshwater Lake Ecosystem. Microorganisms, 2022, 7 (2), pp.715. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms10040715⟩. ⟨hal-03865107⟩
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