Larval dispersal simulations and connectivity predictions for Mediterranean gorgonian species: sensitivity to flow representation and biological traits - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles ICES Journal of Marine Science Year : 2022

Larval dispersal simulations and connectivity predictions for Mediterranean gorgonian species: sensitivity to flow representation and biological traits

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Roberta Sciascia
Marcello Magaldi

Abstract

Abstract Larval dispersal enables demographic and genetic connectivity among marine populations. For many sessile species, it is the only natural mechanism for resilience after major population disturbances, as those that have been affecting Mediterranean gorgonian species inside and outside Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Larval dispersal simulation is a powerful tool to anticipate connectivity among populations which might be altered by modelling choices. We assessed how flow representation (resolution and vertical turbulence) and larval traits (pelagic larval duration, release timing and duration, larval vertical behaviour) influenced populations connectivity among five coastal rocky locations in the northwestern Mediterranean, four of them being designated as MPAs. We used a finer (0.3 km) and coarser (1.5 km) flow resolution in two years to assess, using a hierarchical simulation approach, the sensitivity of connectivity patterns to the above parameters. Larval traits corresponded to two gorgonian species, the neutrally buoyant Eunicella singularis and the passive sinker Paramuricea clavata. Ocean model resolution was the most influential factor on resulting connectivity patterns. When using the finer flow model resolution, connectivity patterns were equally influenced by all larval traits while vertical turbulence could be neglected. Hence, advising the design of coastal MPAs with regional connectivity estimates requires adequate flow simulation resolution.
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Dates and versions

hal-03770887 , version 1 (06-09-2022)

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Roberta Sciascia, Katell Guizien, Marcello Magaldi. Larval dispersal simulations and connectivity predictions for Mediterranean gorgonian species: sensitivity to flow representation and biological traits. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 2022, ⟨10.1093/icesjms/fsac135⟩. ⟨hal-03770887⟩
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