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Topology optimization and 3D-printing of multimaterial magnetic actuators and displays

Subramanian Sundaram 1, 2 Mélina Skouras 3, 1 David Kim 1 Louise van den Heuvel 1 Wojciech Matusik 1, 2
3 IMAGINE [2016-2019] - Intuitive Modeling and Animation for Interactive Graphics & Narrative Environments [2016-2019]
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LJK [2016-2019] - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann [2016-2019], Grenoble INP [2007-2019] - Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology [2007-2019]
Abstract : Contemporary actuation systems are increasingly required to perform multiple tightly-coupled functions analogous to their natural counterparts; e.g., the ability to control displacements and high-resolution appearance simultaneously is required for mimicking the camouflage seen in cuttlefish. Optimizing and fabricating integrated actuation systems is challenging due to the combined complexity of generating high-dimensional designs, and developing multifunctional materials and their associated fabrication processes. Here we present a complete toolkit consisting of multiobjective topology optimization (for design synthesis) and multimaterial drop-on-demand 3D-printing for fabricating complex actuators ($>10^6$ design dimensions). The actuators consist of soft hinges and rigid plates made of acrylate polymers and a magnetic nanoparticle/polymer composite (MPC) that responds to a magnetic field. The multi-objective topology optimizer assigns materials for individual voxels (volume elements) while simultaneously optimizing for physical deflection and high-resolution visual properties. Our work demonstrates that unifying a topology optimization-based design strategy with a multimaterial fabrication process enables the creation of complex actuators and provides a promising route towards automated, goal-driven fabrication.
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Contributor : Mélina Skouras <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 6, 2019 - 2:14:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 7, 2020 - 3:14:07 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Saturday, March 7, 2020 - 3:12:53 PM




Subramanian Sundaram, Mélina Skouras, David Kim, Louise van den Heuvel, Wojciech Matusik. Topology optimization and 3D-printing of multimaterial magnetic actuators and displays. Science Advances , American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2019, 5 (7), pp.1-43. ⟨10.1126/sciadv.aaw1160⟩. ⟨hal-02397188⟩



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