Genetically-encoded BRET probes shed light on ligand bias–induced variable ion selectivity in TRPV1 and P2X5/7 - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles (Data Paper) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Year : 2022

Genetically-encoded BRET probes shed light on ligand bias–induced variable ion selectivity in TRPV1 and P2X5/7

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Vincent Compan

Abstract

Whether ion channels experience ligand-dependent dynamic ion selectivity remains of critical importance since this could support ion channel functional bias. Tracking selective ion permeability through ion channels, however, remains challenging even with patch-clamp electrophysiology. In this study, we have developed highly sensitive bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) probes providing dynamic measurements of Ca2+ and K+ concentrations and ionic strength in the nanoenvironment of Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid-1 Channel (TRPV1) and P2X channel pores in real time and in live cells during drug challenges. Our results indicate that AMG517, BCTC, and AMG21629, three well-known TRPV1 inhibitors, more potently inhibit the capsaicin (CAPS)-induced Ca2+ influx than the CAPS-induced K+ efflux through TRPV1. Even more strikingly, we found that AMG517, when injected alone, is a partial agonist of the K+ efflux through TRPV1 and triggers TRPV1-dependent cell membrane hyperpolarization. In a further effort to exemplify ligand bias in other families of cationic channels, using the same BRET-based strategy, we also detected concentration- and time-dependent ligand biases in P2X7 and P2X5 cationic selectivity when activated by benzoyl-adenosine triphosphate (Bz-ATP). These custom-engineered BRET-based probes now open up avenues for adding value to ion-channel drug discovery platforms by taking ligand bias into account.
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Dates and versions

hal-03847529 , version 1 (18-11-2022)

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Yann Loïck Chappe, Sandra Pierredon, Alexandre Joushomme, Pablo Molle, André Garenne, et al.. Genetically-encoded BRET probes shed light on ligand bias–induced variable ion selectivity in TRPV1 and P2X5/7. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2022, 119 (46), pp.e2205207119. ⟨10.1073/pnas.2205207119⟩. ⟨hal-03847529⟩
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