Biological Characteristics and Patterns of Codon Usage Evolution for the African Genotype Zika Virus - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Viruses Year : 2020

Biological Characteristics and Patterns of Codon Usage Evolution for the African Genotype Zika Virus

(1) , (2) , (1) , (3) , (1) , (4) , (4) , (1) , (1)
1
2
3
4

Abstract

We investigated temporal trends of codon usage changes for different host species to determine their importance in Zika virus (ZIKV) evolution. Viral spillover resulting from the potential of codon adaptation to host genome was also assessed for the African genotype ZIKV in comparison to the Asian genotype. To improve our understanding on its zoonotic maintenance, we evaluated in vitro the biological properties of the African genotype ZIKV in vertebrate and mosquito cell lines. Analyses were performed in comparison to Yellow fever virus (YFV). Despite significantly lower codon adaptation index trends than YFV, ZIKV showed evident codon adaptation to vertebrate hosts, particularly for the green African monkey Chlorocebus aethiops. PCA and CAI analyses at the individual ZIKV gene level for both human and Aedes aegypti indicated a clear distinction between the two genotypes. African ZIKV isolates showed higher virulence in mosquito cells than in vertebrate cells. Their higher replication in mosquito cells than African YFV confirmed the role of mosquitoes in the natural maintenance of the African genotype ZIKV. An analysis of individual strain growth characteristics indicated that the widely used reference strain MR766 replicates poorly in comparison to African ZIKV isolates. The recombinant African Zika virus strain ArD128000*(E/NS5) may be a good model to include in studies on the mechanism of host tropism, as it cannot replicate in the tested vertebrate cell line.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
viruses-12-01306.pdf (9.19 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03698409 , version 1 (01-12-2022)

Identifiers

Cite

Martin Faye, Naimah Zein, Cheikh Loucoubar, Manfred Weidmann, Ousmane Faye, et al.. Biological Characteristics and Patterns of Codon Usage Evolution for the African Genotype Zika Virus. Viruses, 2020, 12 (11), pp.1306. ⟨10.3390/v12111306⟩. ⟨hal-03698409⟩
12 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More