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Microtubule plus-end regulation by centriolar cap proteins

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Abstract

Abstract Centrioles are microtubule-based organelles required for the formation of centrosomes and cilia. Centriolar microtubules, unlike their cytosolic counterparts, grow very slowly and are very stable. The complex of centriolar proteins CP110 and CEP97 forms a cap that stabilizes the distal centriole end and prevents its over-elongation. Here, we used in vitro reconstitution assays to show that whereas CEP97 does not interact with microtubules directly, CP110 specifically binds microtubule plus ends, potently blocks their growth and induces microtubule pausing. Cryo-electron tomography indicated that CP110 binds to the luminal side of microtubule plus ends and reduces protofilament peeling. Furthermore, CP110 directly interacts with another centriole biogenesis factor, CPAP/SAS- 4, which tracks growing microtubule plus ends, slows down their growth and prevents catastrophes. CP110 and CPAP synergize in inhibiting plus-end growth, and this synergy depends on their direct binding. Together, our data reveal a molecular mechanism controlling centriolar microtubule plus- end dynamics and centriole biogenesis.
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Dates and versions

hal-03829938 , version 1 (26-10-2022)

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Funso E Ogunmolu, Shoeib Moradi, Vladimir A Volkov, Chris van Hoorn, Jingchao Wu, et al.. Microtubule plus-end regulation by centriolar cap proteins. 2022. ⟨hal-03829938⟩
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