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An enhanced deep learning approach for tectonic fault and fracture extraction in very high resolution optical images

Abstract : Identifying and mapping fractures and faults are important in geosciences, especially in earthquake hazard and geological reservoir studies. This mapping can be done manually in optical images of the earth surface, yet it is time consuming and it requires an expertise that may not be available. Building upon a recent prior study, we develop a deep learning approach, based on a variant of a U-Net neural network, and apply it to automate fracture and fault mapping in optical images and topographic data. We show that training the model with a realistic knowledge of fracture and fault uneven distributions and trends, and using a loss function that operates at both pixel and larger scales through the combined use of weighted Binary Cross Entropy and Intersection over Union, greatly improves the predictions, both qualitatively and quantitatively. As we apply the model to a site differing from those used for training, we demonstrate its enhanced generalization capacity.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03577214
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Submitted on : Friday, March 25, 2022 - 11:28:26 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 3:24:23 AM

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Bilel Kanoun, Mohamed Abderrazak Cherif, Isabelle Manighetti, Yuliya Tarabalka, Josiane Zerubia. An enhanced deep learning approach for tectonic fault and fracture extraction in very high resolution optical images. ICASSP 2022 - IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, & Signal Processing, IEEE, May 2022, Singapore/Hybrid, Singapore. ⟨10.1109/ICASSP43922.2022.9747007⟩. ⟨hal-03577214v2⟩

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