Probing Hot Gas Components of the Circumgalactic Medium in Cosmological Simulations with the Thermal Sunyaev–Zel’dovich Effect - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Astrophys.J. Year : 2022

Probing Hot Gas Components of the Circumgalactic Medium in Cosmological Simulations with the Thermal Sunyaev–Zel’dovich Effect

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Junhan Kim
Sunil Golwala
  • Function : Author
Nicholas Battaglia
Andrew J. Benson
  • Function : Author
J. Colin Hill
  • Function : Author
Philip F. Hopkins
  • Function : Author
Cameron B. Hummels
  • Function : Author
Emily Moser
Matthew E. Orr
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The thermal Sunyaev–Zel’dovich (tSZ) effect is a powerful tool with the potential for constraining directly the properties of the hot gas that dominates dark matter halos because it measures pressure and thus thermal energy density. Studying this hot component of the circumgalactic medium (CGM) is important because it is strongly impacted by star formation and active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity in galaxies, participating in the feedback loop that regulates star and black hole mass growth in galaxies. We study the tSZ effect across a wide halo-mass range using three cosmological hydrodynamical simulations: Illustris-TNG, EAGLE, and FIRE-2. Specifically, we present the scaling relation between the tSZ signal and halo mass and the (mass-weighted) radial profiles of gas density, temperature, and pressure for all three simulations. The analysis includes comparisons to Planck tSZ observations and to the thermal pressure profile inferred from the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT) measurements. We compare these tSZ data to simulations to interpret the measurements in terms of feedback and accretion processes in the CGM. We also identify as-yet unobserved potential signatures of these processes that may be visible in future measurements, which will have the capability of measuring tSZ signals to even lower masses. We also perform internal comparisons between runs with different physical assumptions. We conclude (1) there is strong evidence for the impact of feedback at R $_{500}$, but that this impact decreases by 5R $_{500}$, and (2) the thermodynamic profiles of the CGM are highly dependent on the implemented model, such as cosmic-ray or AGN feedback prescriptions.
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Dates and versions

hal-03432094 , version 1 (26-06-2022)

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Junhan Kim, Sunil Golwala, James G. Bartlett, Stefania Amodeo, Nicholas Battaglia, et al.. Probing Hot Gas Components of the Circumgalactic Medium in Cosmological Simulations with the Thermal Sunyaev–Zel’dovich Effect. Astrophys.J., 2022, 926 (2), pp.179. ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/ac4750⟩. ⟨hal-03432094⟩
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